The German city of Magdeburg is the capital of the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt. From this ancient city the Christianization of the East Germany, Silesia, Poland has begun. The city is mentioned in old documents already in 805. The layout of Magdeburg preserved the original division of the city in the "secular" and "spiritual" parts. The "secular" is the Market Square with a two-story early Baroque town hall dating back to XVII. In front of the Town Hall under the stone canopy there is a sculpture of Roland. The knight defends the city against adversity and presents himself a symbol of justice in the city. In the Middle Ages his sculpture was always placed in the main square. Magdeburg’s Roland is the first free-standing sculpture in Germany (1240). At the Alter Markt square, in front of the town hall, there is another cultural rarity from the same time - Magdeburg Horseman. The first German equestrian statue of the Middle Ages. The statue depicts the Kaiser Otto I (912 - 973). This king has created the Holy Roman Empire (962-1806 gg.). Otto I was considering his creation as a direct continuation of the ancient Roman Empire and the Frankish.
Opposite to the Town Hall, in the north-west corner of Market Square, in a former building, where tannery shop was situated, there is the city's best restaurant and wine cellar Weinkeller Buttergasse. The creation of this restaurant dates back to Middle Ages. The restaurant tries to maintain its reputation by inviting musicians and holding free exhibitions.
South of the "burgher" part of the city is a "monastic" part: first of all it is the Cathedral and the monastery of St. Mary - a German jewel of Romanesque architecture. Both complexes were built in the XI-XIII centuries and are important parts of the German tourist route that is called "Romanesque Road". Both in the Cathedral and in the monastery organ concerts are held. Make sure you pay attention to the rich interior of the cathedral - a carved oak choir and sculptural decorations of the cathedral portals.
On the Domfelzen rocks rises the Cathedral of St. Catherine and Mauritius that was founded by Emperor Otto I and which is the oldest building in the city. Together with the Kaiserplatz square, the Cathedral.
Opposite to the old town, on a peninsula between the old and new flows of the Elbe - a magnificent urban park Rotehorn was founded at the end of the XIX century.
Mainly due to Magdeburg, the so-called Magdeburg Law has appeared. This right, according to which economic activities, property rights, social and political life of the state was governed by its own system of legal norms. In XIII-XVIII century it spreaded to Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania – which was Belarus and Ukraine. Urban residents were released from feudal obligations, from the court and from the power of governors and other government officials. The city created a self-governing body - the magistrate.
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